2006-Present

2006-Present

2006

  • On January 3, a new Eisenhower Urgent Care Center opens in Indian Wells.
  • In January, Eisenhower Medical Center acquires Hope Square, a professional medical building and renames it in honor of the Bob Hope Chrysler Classic in recognition of the Classic's generous support of Eisenhower Medical Center.
  • On January 21, Senator Barbara Boxer visits Eisenhower Lucy Curci Cancer Center to announce $500,000 in federal funding for the Arnold Palmer Prostate Center.
  • On March 22, Eisenhower celebrates its 35th anniversary with an elegant gala. The event also celebrates reaching the $200 million goal of the first phase of Campaign Eisenhower, the Medical Center 's capital campaign.
  • On April 17, Eisenhower Medical Center breaks ground for an expansion of the Tennity Emergency Department. The $27.5 million project includes the construction of a new addition, as well as the renovation of the current space. The Tennity Emergency Department will increase in size from the current 16,800 square feet to 44,000 square feet, and will include 38 large, private treatment rooms. 
  • In April, Eisenhower Medical Center receives full accreditation as a Chest Pain Center from the Society for Chest Pain Centers in April. Eisenhower is only the third hospital in the state of California to receive this designation. Chest Pain Centers strive to quickly diagnose cardiac patients, begin treatment within minutes and significantly improve the chance of a positive outcome.
  • In June, Interventional Cardiologist Khoi Le, MD, is the first physician in California to use the SilverHawkTM DS, also called the MiniHawk, used to clear small arteries in the lower legs and in feet. The procedure restores blood flow to the foot, in order to heal wounds and help patients avoid lower limb amputation.
  • On July 7, the first cervical (neck) artificial disc surgery in the Coachella Valley is performed at Eisenhower Medical Center as part of a nationwide clinical study.
  • Eisenhower Medical Center pays tribute to those who lost their lives on September 11, 2001 and raises a 30-foot by 50-foot American flag on the highest flagpole in the Coachella Valley , standing 101 feet tall. The dedication of the flagpole is attended by Congresswoman Mary Bono, Assemblyman John Benoit and Rancho Mirage Mayor Richard Kite among many other guests.
  • On October 10, S. N. Mitruka, MD and Joseph Wilson, MD are the third group of surgeons in the United States to perform a minimally invasive unilateral thoracoscopic surgical MAZE procedure.
  • On November 17, Eisenhower Medical Center renames the Lakeview Building the Harry and Diane Rinker Building in recognition Harry and Diane Rinker's five million dollar donation to

2007

  • In January, philanthropists Jim and Jackie Lee Houston make a five million dollar donation to Campaign Eisenhower, Eisenhower's capital campaign.
  • On January 12, Leonore Annenberg, on behalf of the Annenberg Foundation, makes a $30 million donation, officially launching the second phase of Eisenhower's capital campaign, Campaign Eisenhower.
  • Also on January 12, Eisenhower Medical Center celebrates the groundbreaking for the Walter and Leonore Annenberg Pavilion with Leonore Annenberg, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, former Secretary of State George Schultz, former Senator John Danforth and hundreds of guests. The $212.5 million project will meet the new California seismic safety standards for hospital facilities. The 250,000 square-foot, four-story inpatient pavilion will house 34 critical care beds, 126 inpatient beds, a new hospital cafeteria and several departments.
  • On January 28, Eisenhower Medical Center renames the 18,000 square-foot Radiation Oncology Center Eisenhower BIGHORN Radiation Oncology Center in honor of BIGHORN Golf Club's $10.8 million donation to Campaign Eisenhower.
  • Spring 2007: Eisenhower Medical Center is the first hospital in the Coachella Valley to offer Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion or XLIF®, a minimally disruptive procedure, performed by Shahin Etebar, MD, that accomplishes the same results as conventional spinal surgery, but more efficiently.
  • On March 14, Eisenhower hosts a western-theme movie premier and concert to raise funds for Campaign Eisenhower Phase Two. The event, which features the premier of the IMAX® film Ride Around the World and a performance by Brooks & Dunn, raises $1.55 million for Eisenhower's capital campaign.
  • On March 15, Eisenhower Smilow Heart Center is recognized by Blue Shield of California's Cardiac Quality Initiative as one of only 20 California hospitals to provide expert cardiac care to its patients. Eisenhower Smilow Heart Center demonstrated an institutional commitment to integrated cardiac care that meets high quality standards set by the health care company.
  • On March 21, in recognition of its 25th anniversary, the Annenberg Center for Health Sciences at Eisenhower hosts the first of the new Leonore Annenberg Lecture Series .
  • On March 31, Eisenhower hosts the second annual Arnold Palmer Prostate Center Conference, a one-day symposium for physicians, nurses and other medical professionals focused on discussing the most current information, research and controversies related to the management of patients with prostate cancer.
  • In April, Eisenhower Lucy Curci Cancer Center is the first hospital in Southern California to begin using a new screening option - Breast-Specific Gamma Imaging (BSGI) - to more accurately identify breast cancer previously undetected by mammography.
  • On April 12, Eisenhower Lucy Curci Cancer Center receives a $20,000 donation from Odyssey HealthCare Foundation®.
  • On April 19, the first annual Steppin' Out for Parkinson's shoe fashion show and luncheon is held as a fundraiser for Eisenhower Medical Center's Phillip and Carol Traub Parkinson's Center.
  • In May, the Commission on Cancer (CoC) of the American College of Surgeons (ACoS) grants Three-Year Approval with Commendation to the cancer program at Eisenhower Lucy Curci Cancer Center. The Cancer Center's numerous commendations make it eligible for evaluation for an additional award - the CoC Outstanding Achievement Award.  Eisenhower Lucy Curci Cancer Center is the only facility in the state of California and one of only 31 in the United States granted the Outstanding Achievement Award.
  • On May 18, Puneet Khanna, MD is the first physician in the United States to utilize the MynxTM Vascular Closure Device, a new device designed to seal the femoral artery (the deep artery of the thigh) after a variety of procedures.
  • On September 4, Eisenhower Medical Center becomes the first hospital in the western United States to use a new device created to treat peripheral arterial disease using the Diamondback 360°TM Orbital Atherectomy System.
  • On September 28 and 29, the Annenberg Center for Health Sciences at Eisenhower hosts the National Invitational Conference on Transformational Leadership in Continuing Medical Education for key representatives from organizations that provide continuing medical education courses.
  • On October 19, the Annenberg Center for Health Sciences at Eisenhower hosts the 17th International Conference on Screening for Lung Cancer, sponsored by the International Early Lung Cancer Action Program (I-ELCAP). I-ELCAP convenes every six months for a three-day conference attracting physicians from the most prestigious medical and academic institutions around the world. 
  • On October 22, Eisenhower Medical Center's Board Certified Cardiothoracic Surgeon Vascular Surgeon Son Ha Yu, MD and Joseph Wilson, MD are first in the Coachella Valley to perform a thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) repair with an innovative device offering a less invasive treatment to patients suffering with this potentially fatal condition.
  • In November, the Coeta and Donald Barker Foundation pledge a $1 million endowment to Eisenhower Medical Center's Nurses Continuing Education Program in support of Eisenhower nurses' quest for continuing education and subspecialty national certifications.
  • In November, Eisenhower Medical Center receives recognition from OneLegacy as the first hospital in California to successfully recover and transplant lungs from a DCD donor this year. 
  • On December 8, in celebration of the gift of $10 million pledged from the City of Palm Desert, Eisenhower Medical Center hosts the first in a series of Health and Wellness Days exclusively for Palm Desert residents.
  • In December, Eisenhower Medical Center receives a generous new $10 million gift from the Annenberg Foundation in support of Campaign Eisenhower Phase II. This latest Foundation gift brings the total of the Annenbergs' donations to Eisenhower Medical Center's current capital campaign to an astounding $100 million — a truly extraordinary milestone in the enduring relationship between the Annenbergs and Eisenhower Medical Center. 

2008

  • On January 18, 2008, Eisenhower Medical Center breaks ground on a new, three-story, 90,000 square-foot health center thanks to a recent $20 million gift by noted philanthropists George and Julia Argyros. In recognition of the Argyros' generous donation, the facility will be named the Eisenhower George and Julia Argyros Health Center.
  • On January 17, 2008, Eisenhower Medical Center becomes the first hospital in Southern California to use EnSite FusionTM, advanced cardiac imaging software approved for use by the Federal Drug Administration on January 16, 2008. Eisenhower Electrophysiologists Leon Feldman, MD and Andrew Rubin, MD are the first physicians in Southern California to utilize St. Jude Medical's innovative software with its enhanced capabilities.
  • On February 18, Eisenhower Medical Center receives designation by the Riverside County Emergency Medical Services Agency as the only STEMI (ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction) Receiving Center in the Coachella Valley - one of only two hospitals in Riverside County.
  • In the spring of 2008, Eisenhower completes construction on a new interventional radiology laboratory, which houses state-of-the-art angiography equipment for the treatment of vascular disease.
  • In March 2008, Eisenhower receives the 2008 Distinguished Hospital Award for Clinical ExcellenceTM from HealthGrades, ranking Eisenhower among the Top 5% of all Hospitals in the Nation.
  • In the spring of 2008, Eisenhower Medical Center announces its recognition as #1 in the state of California for joint replacements in 2008 by HealthGrades®, a leading independent health care ratings organization. Eisenhower is also recognized with HealthGrades' 2008 Orthopedic Surgery Excellence AwardTM, 2008 Joint Replacement Excellence AwardTM and is rated in the top five percent in the nation for joint replacements.
  • In April, Eisenhower receives the 2008 Distinguished Hospital Award for Patient SafetyTM from HealthGrades. Eisenhower is one of only 80 hospitals in the nation to receive both the Patient Safety and the Clinical Excellence awards in 2008.
  • In April, Eisenhower Lucy Curci Cancer Center receives a $316,000 donation, proceeds from the BIGHORN Behind a Miracle Golf Tournament. The donation is used for a number of services and equipment for the Cancer Center.
  • In the spring of 2008, Eisenhower Medical Center becomes the only hospital in Southern California, and one of only three locations in California, to offer superDimension's inReachTM system, providing the possibility to detect lung cancer early, even before symptoms are evident, and enhancing treatment options for patients.
  • In the spring of 2008, Alvin V. Shoemaker is elected Eisenhower Medical Center's Chairman of the Board.
  • In June, Eisenhower Lucy Curci Cancer Center begins accepting qualified participants for a first-of-its-kind lung cancer screening study for non-smokers who have been exposed to secondhand smoke. The study is conducted in collaboration with New York Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center.
  • In July, Eisenhower Medical Center Department of Pathology is awarded accreditation by the Commission on Laboratory Accreditation of the College of American Pathologists (CAP), based on the results of an on-site inspection. 
  • In July, Eisenhower celebrates the completion of phase one of the Tennity Emergency Department expansion and renovation. Phase one completion allows staff and patients to move into the new space, allowing renovation (phase two) of the existing Emergency Department to commence.
  • On October 2, Eisenhower is the first in Riverside County to perform a surgery using the da Vinci® S HDTM Surgical System, the newest generation of robotic surgical technology. Enrique Jacome, MD, Board Certified Gynecologist, performed a hysterectomy using this state-of-the-art technology.
  • On October 3, the first bariatric surgeries are performed at Eisenhower Bariatric Center. Board Certified Surgeon Bobby Bhasker-Rao, MD, FACS, who specializes in advanced laparoscopic and bariatric surgery, performs both gastric bypass surgery and gastric lap-banding procedures at Eisenhower Bariatric Center.
  • On October 14, HealthGrades releases its 2009 Hospital Quality Study, and Eisenhower receives high ratings in numerous areas of patient care, including #1 in California for Joint Replacements and #1 in California for GI Surgeries (both for the second year in a row). Eisenhower is also the recipient of the Stroke Care Excellence AwardTM for the third consecutive year (2007 - 2009) and the General Surgery Excellence AwardTM among other recognitions.
  • On November 6, Eisenhower is the first in the Coachella Valley to perform a prostatectomy using the minimally invasive da Vinci® S HDTM robotic surgical system. The procedure is performed by Lance Walsh, MD, Board Certified Urologist.
  • On November 17, Eisenhower performs the MAKOplasty® procedure for the first time.

2009

  • On January 20, Eisenhower celebrates the opening of the Eisenhower Wound Care Center with a ribbon cutting and open house. The Center is first comprehensive center for wound care in the Coachella Valley.
  • On January 22, Eisenhower holds a ribbon cutting ceremony for the newly expanded and renovated Tennity Emergency Department.
  • On January 27, Eisenhower receives the 2009 Distinguished Hospital Award for Clinical ExcellenceTM from HealthGrades, ranking Eisenhower among the Top 5% of all Hospitals in the Nation.
  • On February 3, Arnold Palmer and Bob Hope Chrysler Classic officials visit the Arnold Palmer Prostate Center to present a $250,000 donation beyond the one million dollar donation already presented to Eisenhower Medical Center by the golf tournament.
  • On February 20, Eisenhower Medical Center celebrates its newest Center of Excellence, the Eisenhower Neuroscience Institute with a ribbon cutting and open house.
  • In April, Eisenhower receives the 2009 Distinguished Hospital Award for Patient SafetyTM from HealthGrades. Eisenhower is one of only three hospitals in California to receive both the Patient Safety and the Clinical Excellence awards in 2009.
  • In April, Eisenhower Medical Center is designated a Certified Primary Stroke Center by The Joint Commission. Eisenhower is the first hospital in Riverside and San Bernardino counties to earn this Gold Seal of ApprovalTM from The Joint Commission for Primary Stroke Centers.
  • On May 27, Eisenhower Medical Center commemorates Dolores Hope's 100th birthday in recognition of her vital role in establishing the Medical Center.
  • In May, Eisenhower physicians and staff work in conjunction with the Living Heart Foundation to screen members of the National Football Players Association for cardiovascular disease and with the American Urological Association to screen former players for prostate cancer.
  • In June, Eisenhower Medical Center earns the highest designated Chest Pain Center Accreditation by the Society of Chest Pain Centers (SCPC) and is the first in California to be Cycle III accredited with PCI (percutaneous coronary intervention).
  • On July 21, 2009 Board Certified Orthopedic Surgeon A. David Tahernia, MD, is the first surgeon in California to use Cortoss, the only clinically substantiated alternative to traditional medical-grade bone cement for vertebral compression fractures.
  • On July 29, Eisenhower dedicates the Neurological Care Unit on the third floor of the hospital, reflecting Eisenhower Medical Center's commitment to the neurosciences.
  • In July, Eisenhower Renker Wellness Center's Tamkin Cardiac and Pulmonary Wellness Programs, becomes part of a select five percent of the nation's leading cardiac and pulmonary rehabilitation programs that hold dual accreditations from the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation (AACVPR).
  • In July, Cardiothoracic Surgeons teach  a visiting medical team from Mulhouse, France the thoracoscopic Maze procedure, for the treatment of lone atrial fibrillation.
  • In July, Eisenhower Medical Center's Joint Replacement Center earns The Joint Commission's Gold Seal of ApprovalTM for Total Hip Replacement and Total Knee Replacement. Eisenhower Medical Center is one of only 60 hospitals in the United States to receive both certifications.
  • In July, Eisenhower dedicates the Neurological Care Unit, an inpatient area dedicated to patients experiencing neurological deficits due to stroke and other disorders.
  • On December 4, 2009, the Eisenhower Medical Center Auxiliary celebrates 40 years with its annual Holiday Voices event.

 2010

  • In early 2010, Eisenhower is the first facility in the Coachella Valley to combine the Novalis TxTM radiosurgery platform with RapidArc for the treatment of a variety of cancers.
  • In January 2010, Eisenhower physician Raul Ruiz, MD, MPP, MPH works with a relief organization to offer emergency medical aid in Haiti after the devastating 7.0 earthquake. Later that month, Eisenhower assists the H. N. and Frances C. Berger Foundation in ensuring the Foundation's million dollar donation is made to an appropriate aid organization.
  • On January 20, 2010, Enrique Jacome, MD, Board Certified Gynecologist, and his surgical team perform their 100th da Vinci hysterectomy, marking an impressive medical milestone. Dr. Jacome was the first physician in Riverside County to perform robotic-assisted surgery using the technology.
  • On January 22, 2010, the Eisenhower George and Julia Argyros Health Center is dedicated with a ribbon cutting ceremony, open house and tours for dignitaries, physicians, and the public. 
  • In February 2010, Eisenhower Medical Center and Desert Orthopedic Center announce their newly licensed relationship as Eisenhower Desert Orthopedic Center, formally aligning the long-standing relationship between the Medical Center and the physician practice located on the Eisenhower campus.
  • In spring 2010, Eisenhower Medical Center announces the formation of the Office of Medical Education under the leadership of Eisenhower's Vice President for Primary Care Joseph E. Scherger, MD, MPH. The Office of Medical Education, the first of its kind at Eisenhower, begins to develop residency programs in Internal Medicine and Family Medicine.
  • In March 2010, Eisenhower Medical Center is one of only 25 companies in the world to receive the Gallup Great Workplace Award. Gallup, the world's best known and most respected behavioral science authority, surveyed nearly 15 million employees from around the world from companies in all facets of business from health care to hospitality, retail to manufacturing, and banks to insurance.
  • In March 2010, Eisenhower Lucy Curci Cancer Center is awarded the Commission on Cancer (CoC) Outstanding Achievement Award (OAA) from the American College of Surgeons for the second consecutive time. The award is among the most prestigious for cancer centers, with only 82 programs having received the OAA as a result of surveys performed in 2009. This number represents 18 percent of the 432 programs surveyed during this period. Eisenhower Medical Center is the only hospital in the Coachella Valley to receive the award for two consecutive periods.
  • In March 2010, for the third consecutive year, Eisenhower Medical Center receives the HealthGrades Patient Safety Excellence AwardTM, indicating that its patient safety ratings are in the top 5 percent of U.S. hospitals. Eisenhower Medical Center is one of only 238 hospitals in the country to receive this designation.
  • On March 30, 2010, Euthym Kontaxis, MD, Medical Director, Tennity Emergency Department, is named Physician of the Year by Eisenhower Medical Center.
  • On April 27, 2010, Eisenhower's new state-of-the-art inpatient Walter and Leonore Annenberg Pavilion is dedicated. The 250,000 square foot pavilion opens later that year, offering additional beds for patient care with the latest in seismic standards.
  • In May 2010, Eisenhower Medical Center is first in the Coachella Valley to use a new tool in the fight to save precious brain function after a stroke. Designed to restore blood flow and minimize permanent damage, the Penumbra System suctions stroke-causing blood clots from the brain.
  • In May 2010, Eisenhower Medical Center donates $15,000 in support of Desert Cancer Foundation, whose mission is to assist Coachella Valley residents who need financial assistance in obtaining screening, diagnosis and treatment for cancer and allied diseases.
  • In June 2010, the American Heart Association's Coachella Valley division (AHA) and Eisenhower Medical Center announce a collaborative effort to promote the American Heart Association's Start! Wellness Program - a no-cost corporate wellness campaign promoting healthy lifestyles. The sponsorship supports cardiovascular disease research and programs, and establishes Eisenhower Medical Center as a community leader in the promotion of physical activity and workplace wellness in the Coachella Valley.
  • In August 2010, the Annenberg Center for Health Sciences at Eisenhower is reaccredited as a provider of continuing medical education for physicians by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education.
  • In August 2010, Eisenhower is honored with the 2010 Distinguished Achievement Award for its use of McKesson's Enterprise Intelligence Solutions to improve patient care.
  • In October 2010, Eisenhower Schnitzer/Novack Breast Center is the first center in the Coachella Valley to be designated a Breast Imaging Center of Excellence by the American College of Radiology.
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2011

  • In January 2011, Eisenhower celebrates the opening of two new health centers in Palm Springs: Eisenhower Health Center at Rimrock and Eisenhower Health Center at Sunrise.
  • In March 2011, Eisenhower is one of only 29 companies in the world to receive the Gallup Great Workplace award.
  • In May 2011, Eisenhower is named a Blue Distinction Center for Knee and Hip Replacement® by Blue Shield of California for demonstrating better overall quality of care and patients results in knee and hip replacement.
  • On July 1, 2011, the Eisenhower Inpatient Rehabilitation Center opens, offering intensive therapy for stroke patients, orthopedics patients and others with debilitating medical conditions requiring physical, occupational and speech therapies.
  • In July 2011, Eisenhower is ranked #4 in Gynecology in U.S. News Media & World Report's 2011-2012 Best Hospital ratings.
  • In October 2011, Eisenhower receives a full, three-year accreditation by the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education, making Eisenhower the first in the valley to become a teaching hospital.
  • In fall 2011, Eisenhower opens a 10,000-square-foot gastrointestinal laboratory in the Dolores Hope Outpatient Care Center.

 

2012

  • In January 2012, Eisenhower celebrates the naming of the Joel M. Hirschberg, MD Center for Internal Medicine at the Uihlein Building on the main hospital cmapus.
  • In February 2012, Eisenhower Medical Center hosts the 9th annual Community Heart Conference at the Annenberg Center for Health Sciences.
  • In June 2012, Eisenhower Medical Center's Healthy Living magazine receives the Gold Award in the category of Publications/External Magazine by the Healthcare Publications & Marketing Association (HPRMA) at its annual Golden Advocate Award ceremony.
  • In June 2012, Eisenhower Inpatient Rehabilitation Center earns a three-year accreditation from the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF). Eisenhower is the first hospital in Riverside County with the prestigious CARF accreditation, which is earned less than one year after opening the Center.
  • In July 2012, Eisenhower is named one of 154 of the nation's Most Wired Hospitals in the 2012 Most Wired Survey Benchmarking Study released in the July issue of Hospitals & Health Networks, the journal of the American Hospital Association.
  • In August 2012, Eisenhower Medical Center and Desert Cardiology Center announce their newly licensed relationship as Eisenhower Desert Cardiology Cneter, formally aligning the long-standing relationship between the Medical Center and the physician practice located on the Eisenhower campus.
  • In September 2012, Eisenhower Lucy Curci Cancer Center hosts the sixth annual Arnold Palmer Prostate Center Symposium in recogniton of National Prostate Cancer Awareness Month.
  • In November 2012, Eisenhower is among the first four hospitals in California and is the first in the Coachella Valley to earn Cycle IV Chest Pain Center accreditation from the Society of Cardiovascular Patient Care.
  • In November 2012, the estate of Dolores Hope gives a gift of $2 million to Eisenhower Medical Center. One million of the gift is donated to Eisenhower Lucy Curci Cancer Center and the remaining one million is to be used to care for those in need. 
     

 2013

  • In February 2013, Eisenhower hosts the 10th annual Community Heart Conference at the Annenberg Center for Health Sciences.
  • In March 2013, Eisenhower Medical Center becomes one of only four percent of community hospitals starting new, medium-to-large residency programs to fill its available slots in a residency program's first year.
  • In March 2013, Eisenhower celebrates the opening of its third health center location in Palm Springs at the Eisenhower Health Center at Plaza del Sol.
  • In spring 2013, Eisenhower Lucy Curci Cancer Center is granted a three-year accreditation with commendation by the Commission on Cancer of the American College of Surgeons (ACoS) - a reaccreditation with ACoS.
  • In June 2013, Eisenhower welcomes its first 22 residents in Family and Internal Medicine, making it the first hospital in the valley to offer an accredited residency program.
  • In June 2013, a surgical team at Eisenhower performs their first da Vinci® Single-Site™ cholecystectomy.
  • In July 2013, Eisenhower is recognized for the second consecutive year as one of the nation's Most Wired health care facilities in the 2013 Most Wired Survey Benchmarking Study released in the July issue of Hospitals & Health Networks, the journal of the American Hospital Association.
  • In July 2013, Eisenhower is recognized as a Leader in LGBT Healthcare Equality in the Healthcare Equality Index 2013, an annual survey conducted by the Human Rights Campaign (HRC) Foundation.
  • In September 2013, Eisenhower is one of 20 organizations in the U.S. to receive The Advisory Board's 2013 Excellence in Employee Engagement Award, recognizing hospitals and health systems that exhibit extraordinary levels of workforce engagement based on results of employee engagement surveys.

 

2014

  • In early 2014, Eisenhower Medical Center's Stroke Program earns recertification of its primary stroke center by The Joint Commission. Designation as an Advanced Primary Stroke Center requires a rigorous application process and submission of data related to stroke admissions, treatment plans and outcomes.
  • In February 2014, volunteers at Eisenhower reach a new milestone in service: an astounding five million hours of service to the Medical Center since the program began in 1969.

 

 

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